Do You Know These Cold Knowledge of Giant Pandas

What is your impression of giant panda? The cutest animal in the world, a national treasure, or a mysterious species? In many people’s minds, the panda is always naive, in black and white coat, and only good at eating, sleeping and acting cute.

In fact, there are many other sides of the panda facts that you may not know. Here we will show you some interesting cold knowledge of the giant pandas as follows.

1. There are are two kinds of giant pandas in China: one more like bear, and the other more like cat.

Sichuan Giant Panda (四川大熊猫)and Shaanxi Qinling Giant Panda (陕西秦岭大熊猫) are not just different from their old home, but two subspecies. In other words, there are two kinds of giant pandas in China.

On the left side of the picture is the Sichuan Giant Panda, with a larger head and a long head shape, looking more like a bear, while on the right side of the picture is the Qinling Giant Panda from Shaanxi Province, with a round head and short mouth, looking more like a cat.

Although they are close relatives, DNA research shows that the Sichuan Giant Panda and the Qinling Giant Panda are actually not too familiar with each other and have not been in contact for 300,000 years.

2. What is it like to be protected by a national treasure?

Although the IUCN has downgraded the giant panda from an endangered species to a vulnerable species in 2016. But experts say conservation work for giant pandas should not be slackened at all, as it is important for the entire ecosystem.

To protect the giant panda, the companion species that live with the giant panda (such as the golden monkey, antelope, and ibis) must be protected. So the giant panda is a flagship species (also called an umbrella species), like an umbrella supporting a piece of the sky. His ecosystem value far exceeds the value of the giant panda itself.

3. Chinese people in ancient times are afraid of pandas because…

Giant panda was described as iron-eating beasts in old days. And in fact, the panda is a relic species, with contemporaries such as the woolly rhinoceros, the mammoth and the saber-toothed tiger. 8 million years ago or even earlier, the ancestors of the giant panda were very small, similar in size to dogs.

Despite its small size, studies have shown that the giant panda was a pure carnivore in ancient times, and as one of the oldest types of bears, the giant panda was a full-fledged combatant.

4. Panda droppings are organic fertilizer.

Pandas have poor gastrointestinal absorption and retain 70% of the nutrients in their droppings, plus a lot of other nutritious foods are added to the food of captive pandas, so the protein and crude fiber content of the feces is high, which is considered organic fertilizer delivery.

Sichuan has a tea called “panda tea”, the fertilizer applied is the panda’s droppings. The newborn panda will eat its mother’s feces because the panda cub’s intestines are sterile and it must ingest the feces of its own kind to obtain those intestinal flora that are important for survival.

5.Pandas have been on Earth for 2-3 million years.

According to scientists, the ancestors of pandas appeared 2-3 million years ago in the early years of the Pluvial period. Smaller in size than the present-day panda, the giant panda has since adapted to life in subtropical bamboo forests, gradually increasing in size to rely on bamboo for its livelihood. In the middle and late Pleistocene, 500,000-70,000 years ago, the giant panda was at its peak.

6. Female pandas are in heat for only about 2 days per year.

The best time for female pandas to conceive is usually only 1-2 days per year. If the opportunity to conceive in there one or two days is missed, then one will have to wait another year if you want female pandas to conceive a baby panda. No wonder the number of pandas is so scarce!

7. You cannot imagine how lazy the panda is…

A giant panda weighing 90kg has a metabolic level less than half that of a human of the same weight. A giant panda spends most of the day resting. Even when they are active, they usually only walk about 20 meters per hour.

Giant pandas eat mainly bamboo. Because bamboo is low in nutrition and energy and difficult to digest, pandas have to eat large amounts of bamboo every day. At the same time, giant pandas also want to minimize energy consumption, eat more and move less every day, and lazy stay there has become the life habits of giant pandas.

8.Giant pandas also have color photos.

People in China always tease that the greatest wish of a giant panda is to have a color photo taken! This wish finally came true after the discovery of brown pandas in the Qinling Mountains.

In China, brown pandas have been found five times in the past 30 years. “Qizai”, which was discovered in 2009, is the only surviving brown giant panda in the world. Scientists speculate that due to some genetic mutations and geographical peculiarities, it may also be a reversionary phenomenon that caused “Qizai’ to have a brown and white coat.

Giant Panda News: What Happened to Pandas Worldwide in August 2020

What are the latest news about the adorable giant pandas? Are there interesting things happened to them recently? Read to know the top stories about giant pandas in August.

Aug 5, Shanghai – Giant Panda Jiajia Celebrates 8th Birthday

On August 5, giant panda Jiajia celebrated her eighth birthday in Shanghai Wild Animal Park. The park has prepared a special birthday cake for Jiajia and also launched a naming campaign for her male cub who are 10 months old.

Jiajia is the offspring of Huamei, the first giant panda that was returned from foreign countries. Jiajia’s son was born in last October, and currently weighs over 36 kilometers. He is learning to chew bamboo shoots and leaves like his mother, and sometimes he will even be a troublemaker, snatching food from his mother’s mouth and biting her ears on purpose when she is eating.

Panda Jiajia is tasting her delicous birthday cake.

*Editor’s words: giant panda’s food is mostly made up of bamboos, and also contains a part of fruits and vegetables. They will spend most of the time eating and sleeping. Read more about panda’s diet fact

Aug 14, Dutch – Baby Panda Born in Dutch Zoo Named after Van Gogh

The baby panda born in Dutch Ouwehands Zoo was officially named “Fan Xing” on August 14. In the zoo’s online naming poll for the cub, “Fan Xing” won out of five names.

The name “Fan” is derived from Van Gogh, which represents the birthplace of the panda in the Netherlands, and also describes the lush vegetation, implying vitality. “Xing” (means star in Chinese) is the surname of the panda’s father, Xing Ya, which means hope and direction, and also reminds us of Van Gogh’s works on the starry sky.

Tourists are taking photos of Panda Fanxing in Dutch Ouwehands Zoo.

“Fan Xing” was born on May 1 this year, and is still living with its mother in the delivery room. The sex of the baby is not yet known, but it is expected to meet the public for the first time in October.  

Aug 16, Chongqing – World’s Oldest Captive Giant Panda Celebrates 38th Birthday

The world’s oldest existing captive giant panda “Xinxing” celebrates her 38th birthday this year, whose age equivalent to the human age of 110 years – 140 years. The Chongqing Zoo held a birthday party for her on 16th, and made a cake together with panda fans attending the party. Panda “Xinxing” is currently in good health, and has bred a total of eight litters of 10 offspring.

The oldest captive panda Xinxing looks healthy at her 38 years old.

*Editor’s words: Among the giant pandas in the world, there are less than 30 pandas over 30 years of age, and the number of pandas over 30 years of age in existence is also limited. Generally speaking, a giant panda’s age of 1 year is roughly equivalent to a human’s age of 3-4 years. Read more about facts about pandas

Aug 19, Chengdu – Giant Panda “Zhima” Selected as Chengdu Universiade Mascot

On the morning of August 19, the naming ceremony of the 31st World University Games mascot – “Rongbao” was launched. After a global vote, “Zhima” (meaning sesame), the panda from Chengdu Panda Base, became the prototype of mascot “Rongbao”.

Panda Zhima from Chengdu Panda Base is eating bamboos.

“Zhima” is 3 years old, and the little black spots around his mouth look like he just ate sesame seeds without wiping his mouth. Being a childish and adorable happy-go-lucky panda, “Zhima” looks similar to the announced cartoon version of “Rongbao”. Thus he beat other three giant panda candidates to finally win the vote.

Aug 21, Washington – Senior Giant Panda “Meixiang” Gives Birth Successfully

“Meixiang”, from Smithsonian’s National Zoo in Washington, has given a birth to a cub in the local time of 6:35 pm, 21th. This 22-year-old female panda is attentively taking care of her baby, whose sex is yet unknown, said the zoo. And now the zoo has started monitoring the mother and baby 24/7, and one can watch them on the zoo’s panda cams.

Cams shows the panda “Meixiang” giving birth to her baby.

Generally, the average life expectancy of giant pandas is about 25 years. The Zoo announced that the 22-year-old “Meixiang” became the oldest panda to give birth to a cub in the United States. It is a “miracle”, because the probability of giving birth at her age is less than 1%.

“Mei Xiang” began her travel to the United States in 2000, and has gave birth to three other pandas, Taishan (now 15 years old), “Baobao” (7 years old) and “Beibei” (5 years old), all of which have returned to China.

August 30, Germany – Giant Panda Twins “Mengyuan” & “Mengxiang” Celebrate Their First Birthday

The giant panda twins “Mengyuan” and “Mengxiang” at Berlin Zoo celebrated their first birthday before the end of this month. They are the first pair of pandas to be born in Germany. Their mother, “Mengmeng”, came to Germany in 2017 and gave birth to the adorable twins last year. The twins will live in Germany for two-four years before return to China.

Panda twins “Mengyuan” and “Mengxiang” play together.